Hat is the charge of the ion most likely to be formed from Magn to achieve noble gas notation?

1 Answer
Dec 5, 2016

Answer:

The magnesium ion will have a charge of #2^+# and will have the electron configuration of the noble gas neon.

Explanation:

Magnesium ions have a charge of #2^+#, due to the loss of its two valence electrons, giving it the noble gas configuration of neon, #"Ne"#.

The electron configuration of the noble gas neon, #"Ne"# is #"1s"^2"2s"^2"2p"^6"#.

#"Mg"#: A neutral magnesium atom has 12 electrons arranged in the following ground state configuration: #"1s"^2"2s"^2"2p"^6"3s"^2"#>

#"Mg"^(2+):# A magnesium ion has 10 electrons arranged in the following ground state configuration: #"1s"^2"2s"^2"2p"^6"#.

This only occurs if magnesium is involved in ionic bonding , in which one or more electrons are transferred to one or more negatively charged ions.

http://chemistry.tutorvista.com/physical-chemistry/ionic-bonding.html

http://www.gcsescience.com/a7-ionic-bond-magnesium-oxide.htm