How are acids and bases different?

1 Answer
Jun 17, 2018

Answer:

The key is in the hydrogen ion.

Explanation:

According to Arhenius Theory, acid donates hydrogen ion whereas bases accepts hydroxide ion. In this case, equations which involves ammonia will hence lead to ammonia not being considered a base as in this case, ammonia does not accept hydroxide ions.

According to Bronsted-Lowry Theory, acid donates hydrogen ions whereas bases accepts hydrogen ions. In this case, ammonia will be considered a bases as it accepts hydrogen ions to form NH_4 ion.

To avoid confusion, read the question carefully to determine which of the reactant will be the acid and base.