How can I explain the formula and name of condensed formula #(CH_3)_2C(C_2H_5)_2# according to IUPAC?

1 Answer
Dec 12, 2014

First, you recognize that one of the CH₃ groups and one of the C₂H₅ groups is part of the main chain.

Then you can re-write the condensed formula as CH₃-C(CH₃)(C₂H₅)-C₂H₅.

You can expand the right hand C₂H₅ group to get CH₃-C(CH₃)(C₂H₅)-CH₂CH₃.

The structural formula is then

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When you number the main chain from the left hand end, the IUPAC name becomes 2-ethyl-2-methylbutane.