How can I use a gerund as an indirect object?
Running, in "Charles gave running the marathon his best shot"
First, we should clarify a couple of definitions:
- Gerund: a noun made from a verb, in the form "-ing"
- Indirect object: the recipient of the direct object
An example of a verb that often takes an indirect object is "to give".
For example, in the sentence "Stacy gave the dog a bone," bone is the direct object and dog is the indirect object, since the dog is receiving the direct object, the bone.
Instead of using a common noun like "dog" as the indirect object, we can use a gerund, which functions as a noun.
Example: "Charles gave running the marathon his best shot."
Here, "his best shot" is the direct object, so "running" is the indirect object and a gerund.