How do I multiply a vector by a scalar?
The multiplication of a vector by a scalar can affect the MODULUS (the size) and can affect the DIRECTION of your vector:
Multiplication by a positive number other than 1 changes the magnitude of the vector but not its direction.
Multiplication by –1 reverses its direction but doesn’t change its magnitude.
Multiplication by any other negative number both reverses the direction of the vector and changes its magnitude.
given the vector
If your vector is given in component form you simply multiply each component by the scalar:
The ending result is again that the modulus is multiplied by 2!!!
Check the result by plotting the two vectors.