How do polysaccharides differ structurally and functionally from simple carbohydrates?

1 Answer
May 8, 2018

Answer:

polysaccharides are used mainly as to store energy whereas monosaccharides are used to be used for respiration

Explanation:

polysaccharides (glycogen, starch and cellulose) are polymer of monosaccharides.

Glycogen is the storage molecule in animals. They have 1-4 glycosidic bond as well as the 1-6 glycosidic bond. It is insoluble so it is not affected by the water potential.

starch is the storage molecule in animals. They are actually made up of 2 compounds: amylose and amylopectin. Amylose has 1-4 glycosidic bond so it will spiral and amylopectin was more 1-6 glycosidic bonds meaning more glucose can be joined to form compact molecule.

Cellulose is more of a structural carbohydrates as they help strength the cell wall of a plant

Hope this helps x