What monosaccharides are in sucrose?

1 Answer
Jun 27, 2015

Answer:

Glucose and fructose are the monosaccharides in sucrose.

Explanation:

The structure of glucose, #"C"_6"H"_12"O"_6#, is

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The structure of fructose is

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If we "flip" the structure of fructose, we get the structure shown below.

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The #"OH"# on #"C-1"# of glucose can combine with the #"OH"# on #"C-2"# of fructose to form sucrose

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We could write the equation for the formation of sucrose as

# underbrace("C"_6"H"_12"O"_6)_color(red)("glucose") + underbrace("C"_6"H"_12"O"_6)_color(red)("fructose") → underbrace("C"_12"H"_22"O"_11)_color(red)("sucrose") + "H"_2"O"#