What carbohydrates are in milk?
The major component is lactose, with trace amounts of monosaccharides and oligosaccharides.
Lactose is a disaccharide of glucose and galactose.
Its structure is:
The monosaccharides in milk are
N-Acetylneuraminic acid (sialic acid))
An oligosaccharide (Greek oligos, "a few" and sacchar, *sugar") is a saccharide polymer containing three or more monosaccharides.
Human milk contains approximately 200 oligosaccharides containing from 3 to 22 sugars.
Two of the more prominent oligosaccharides are