# How is angular momentum quantized?

##### 1 Answer

** #L^2= (l(l+1) h^2#** and

#Lz= m h#

where

#### Explanation:

**L^2** and **Lz** are here representing the operators representing square of the **Angular momentum** and **Z-** component of **L.**

These operators are defined after separation of radial and angular part of the Schrodinger equation and its eigenfunctions are the spherical harmonics.

For a quantum system the Angular momentum space is quantized means the ang. momentum can not take continuous values .

If l is the angular momentum of a state of particle, in that case the L^2 and Lz operators simultaneously commute with

**Hamiltonian** (the total energy operator) of the system which have energy as their eigenvalues .

```
**#(L^2 )#Y(l,m)# = #(l(l+1) (h/(2pi)^2**
```

and

**Lz . Y(l,m) = m,(h/2pi)**

and only eigen values of L^2 and Lz are well defined or can be measured simultaneously.

They commute with each other and H-the Hamiltonian.

Suppose a particle is in p-state ; so its l=1

then the possible eigen value of L^2 will be

*(here we are writing h for h/2.Pi)*

And the z-component can have only three possible Values

# m= -1 , 0, +1

So ,

If plotted on a Vector model The Lz will appear as intercept of

projection of L on z-Axis with length of L vector as

For l=0 i.e. a S-state L=0(0+1)hbar=0

For higher angular momentum states the Lz values will be more spread

for l=2 . Lz will have five allowed states..and so on..