How is bacterial transformation used today?

1 Answer
Jan 25, 2017

Bacterial transformation is a process where horizontal gene transfer of exogenous genetic material may be introduced into bacterial cell.


Applications of bacterial transformation are :

1) to make multiple copies of DNA called DNA cloning.

2) to make large amounts of specific human proteins, for example human insulin, which can be used to treat people with Type I diabetes.

3) to genetically modify a bacterium or ather cell.

Bacteria are commonly used as host cells for making copies of DNA in the lab because they are easy to grow in large numbers. Their cellular machinery naturally carries out DNA replication and protein synthesis.