How many protons are found in the nucleus of one atom of gold?

1 Answer
Nov 14, 2015

Answer:

There are 79 protons in the nucleus of one Gold atom.

Explanation:

The number of protons of any given atom/element can be determined by the atomic number of the specific element, which is found on the periodic table.

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Image from: https://www.pinterest.com/pin/481322278894915534/

As can be seen on the image the atomic number of Gold, which is the numerical value on top, is 79. Thus the number of protons in a Gold nucleus is 79. (Atomic number is always the lowest value of the two numbers, except in the case of Hydrogen where they are the same)

On a side note the number of electrons in a stable uncharged element is also equal to the atomic number, so in this case Gold has 79 electrons.

The number of neutrons in the nucleus of the Gold atom is the mass number of the element (the bottom numerical value) minus the atomic number, so thus the number of neutrons is 118 (196.97 was rounded off to 197).

So to summarize:
Number of protons is: 79
Number of electrons is: 79 and
Number of neutrons is 118

Hope I helped :)