How much energy must be transferred to raise the temperature of a cup of coffee (250 mL) from 20.5 C (293.7 K) to 95.6 C (368.8 K)? Assume that water and coffee have the same density (1.00 g/ mL), and specific heat capacity 4.184 J/ gK)?

1 Answer
Sep 15, 2016

Answer:

The energy required is 77.5 kJ.

Explanation:

The energy required to heat an object is given by the formula

#color(blue)(bar(ul(|color(white)(a/a)q = mcΔTcolor(white)(a/a)|)))" "#

where

#q# is the energy required
#m# is the mass
#c# is the specific heat capacity
#ΔT# is the change in temperature

In your problem,

#m = 250 color(red)(cancel(color(black)("mL"))) × "1.00 g"/(1 color(red)(cancel(color(black)("mL")))) = "250 g"#

#c = "4.184 J·K"^"-1"·"g"^"-1"#

#ΔT = "368.8 K - 293.7 K = 74.1 K"#

#q = "250" color(red)(cancel(color(black)("g"))) × "4.184 J"·color(red)(cancel(color(black)("K"^"-1"·"g"^"-1"))) × 74.1 color(red)(cancel(color(black)("K"))) = "77 500 J" = "77.5 kJ"#