How would you calculate the density, in grams per liter, of a gas at STP if 3.78 L of the gas at 28.8 Celsius and 765.6 mm Hg weighs 0.791 g?
The density of the gas at STP is
This question involves the combined gas law . The equation for the combined gas law is:
The density of a substance changes with change in temperature. This is because the volume increases as temperature increases and decreases as the temperature decreases. The mass is not affected by temperature or volume. We need to determine the volume at STP in order to determine the density at STP.
The strategy is to use the combined gas law, using the values given in the question as the first set of variables
Write what you know.
Write what you don't know:
Rearrange the equation to isolate
Density at STP