If #2.4*10^5# #L# of gas is at #180# #mmHg#, what is the pressure when the gas is compressed to #1.8*10^3# #L# at constant temperature?

1 Answer
Jun 8, 2016

Answer:

The new pressure is #2.4xx10^(4)# #mmHg#

Explanation:

Let's start off with identifying our known and unknown variables.
The first volume we have is #2.4xx10^(5)# L, the first pressure is 180 mmHg, and the second volume is #1.8xx10^(3)#. Our only unknown is the second pressure.

We can obtain the answer using Boyle's Law which shows that there is an inverse relationship between pressure and volume as long as the temperature and number of moles remain constant.

The equation we use is #P_1V_1=P_2V_2#
where the numbers 1 and 2 represent the first and second conditions. All we have to do is rearrange the equation to solve for the pressure.

We do this by dividing both sides by #V_2# in order to get #P_2# by itself like so:
#P_2=(P_1xxV_1)/V_2#

Now all we do is plug and chug!
#P_2=(180\mmHg xx 2.4xx10^(5)\ cancel"L")/(1.8xx10^(3)\cancel"L")# = #2.4xx10^(4)# #mmHg#