Is #HCl# a strong acid than #HF#?

1 Answer
Aug 3, 2016

Answer:

In aqueous solution, hydrochloric acid is a much stronger acid than hydrogen fluoride.

Explanation:

The fluorine atom is smaller than the chlorine atom, and the resultant #H-X# bond is weaker for #X=Cl#, because there is less effective overlap. Upon protonolysis with water, the fluoride ion is much more polarizing than chloride, and induces much more solvent order. Both entropy and enthalpy thus conspire to reduce the acidity of hydrogen fluoride.