The perimeter of a rectangle is 30 inches and its area is 54 square inches. How do you find the length of the longest side of the rectangle?

1 Answer
Apr 8, 2016

Answer:

9 inches

Explanation:

Let's begin by considering the perimeter (P) of the rectangle.

Let the length be l and the breadth be b.

Then P = 2l + 2b = 30

we can take out a common factor of 2 : 2(l+b) = 30

dividing both sides by 2 : l + b = 15 → b = 15 - l

now consider the area (A) of the rectangle.

# A = lxxb = l (15 - l) = 15l - l^2 #

The reason for writing b = 15 - l , was so that we would have an equation involving only one variable.

Now have to solve : # 15l - l^2 = 54#

multiply by -1 and equate to zero.

hence #l^2 - 15l + 54 = 0 #

To factor require 2 numbers that multiply to 54 and sum to -15.

#rArr (l - 6)(l - 9 ) = 0 → l= 6 or l = 9 #

hence length = 9inches and breadth = 15-9 = 6inches.