What are hydroxide ions produced by?
Amongst other processes, by the
And the autoprotolysis of water can be represented by the following reaction:
This reaction shares the properties of all stoichiometric reactions.: (i) mass is balanced; and (ii) charge is balanced. This is an equilibrium reaction, and has been carefully measured under specific conditions; at
And this equilibrium defines the
Under non-standard conditions, say at
Hydroxide ions sources are usually alkaline metals
Hydroxide ions come from many sources. In synthetic chemistry, the most likely source of hydroxide ions will probably be from alkaline metal hydroxides. These are compounds such as NaOH, KOH. They can also be produced by alkaline earth metal hydroxides like