What are some examples of bones?

1 Answer
Jun 11, 2014

Humans have 206 bones by the time they reach adulthood. Newborns have 300.

Axial skeleton—the 80 bones of the head, neck, and torso; composed of 74 bones that form the upright axis of the body and six tiny middle ear bones.

Appendicular skeleton—the 126 bones that form the appendages to the axial skeleton; the upper and lower extremities.

Cranium or brain case composed of eight bones including the frontal, occipital, sphenoid, and ethmoid bones, along with a pair of parietal and temporal bones plus the sphenoid bone and ethmoid bone.

The facial bones:
Maxillary bones, palatine bones, zygomatic bones, lacrimal bones, nasal bones, vomer, inferior nasal conchae, and mandible.

Vertebral Column:
26 adult irregular bones are divided into 5 regions:
Cervical region = 7 vertebrae (bones) in neck;
Thoracic region = 12 vertebrae in thoracic cavity.
Lumbar region = 5 large vertebrae in abdominal cavity.
Sacrum = 5 fused vertebrae that articulate with coxal bones of pelvis
*Coccyx = 3-5 vertebrae which makeup the tailbone.

Ribs (12 pairs) and sternum.
Clavicles (2) =and scapulae (2)
Radius, ulna.
Carpals. (8)
Metacarpals (5).
Phalanges (14)

Pelvic bones: coxae (2). Made of three fused bones: ilium, ischium and pubis.
Leg bones:
Femur, patella, tibia, fibula. Tarsus (7) which include the talus and the calcaneus.
Phalanges (14)