What are some examples of plants adaptation to different climatic conditions?

1 Answer

Opuntia phylloclade and Trapa bispinosa.


The Opuntia phylloclade is xephytic plant. It is adopted to the deserts habitats. The spiny leaves, stems in flat body and vigorous growth of roots etc., are the characteristic features of the plants survive in water scarcity conditions. All these characters are found in Opuntia.
Trapa bispinosa is hydrophytic plant. It grows in water. The spongy tissues made up aerenchyma, thick waxy coat on the leaves, poorly developed root system are the features of hydrophytic plants. All these characters are found in Trapa.