What are the chemical properties of alcohol?

1 Answer
Apr 16, 2018

Answer:

See Explanation

Explanation:

  • Alcohols are compounds that possess a hydroxyl group(OH) connected to an sp3 hybridized carbon.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Ethanol-2D-skeletal.svg

https://chemistry.stackexchange.com/questions/22295/is-cyclohexol-the-same-as-cyclohexanol

  • Alcohols typically have higher boiling points than that of alkanes or alkyl halides.

Boiling point of ethane: -89 C
Boiling point of Chloroethane: 12 C
Boiling point of Ethanol: 78 C

This is due to Hydrogen bonding interactions that occur between molecules of ethanol.
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  • Alcohols are more acidic than amines and alkanes but less acidic than hydrogen halides. The pKa for most alcohols fall in the range of 15-18.
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  • Every alcohol has two regions. The hydrophobic region does not interact well with water, while the hydrophilic region does interact with water via hydrogen bonding.
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Alcohols with more than eight carbon atoms, such as nonanol and decanol, are considered to be insoluble in water.

Methanol, Ethanol, and propanol are miscible in water.

Butanol-Octonol are only soluble, meaning only a certain amount will dissolve in a specified amount of water at room temperature.

Hope this helps (c:

Note: Let me know if you need some other info on Alcohols and I can always edit my answer.