What are the oxidation and reduction equations for when zinc is placed in HCl?

1 Answer
Jul 10, 2017

Answer:

Zinc is oxidized to #Zn^(2+)#.........

Explanation:

#Zn(s) rarr Zn^(2+) + 2e^-# #(i)#

And hydronium ion is REDUCED to dihydrogen gas.........

#H_3O^+ + e^(-) rarr 1/2H_2(g) +H_2O(l)# #(ii)#

And we add the equations together to eliminate the electrons.....

#Zn(s) + 2H_3O^+ rarrZn^(2+) + H_2(g)uarr +2H_2O(l)#

And since chloride anion is conceived to be a spectator in this reaction.....

#Zn(s) + 2HCl(aq) rarrZnCl_2(aq) + H_2(g)uarr#

Is mass balanced? Is charge balanced? If the answer is NO, then the reaction cannot be considered to represent reality.