What are the similarities and differences between acids and bases?

1 Answer
Jul 19, 2018

Answer:

For a given solvent, water, ammonia, hydrogen fluoride, sulfuric acid....

Explanation:

The acid is the characteristic CATION, and the base is the characteristic ANION...and typically their concentrations obey an equilibrium expression...for example, water...

#2H_2O(l) rightleftharpoonsH_3O^+ + HO^-#

...#K_w=[H_3O^+][HO^-]=10^-14#.

For liquid ammonia...

#2NH_3rightleftharpoonsNH_4^+ + NH_2^(-)#

#K_"ammonlysis"=[NH_4^+][NH_2^-]=10^-31#.