What are the six main processes involved in the water cycle?

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Evaporation , Condensation, Precipitation, transpiration, Runoff or Infiltration.
The water cycle itself has 6 main processes, starting from Evaporation, to Condensation, to Precipitation, to Transpiration, and finally into Runoff or Infiltration, Evaporation itself means that water itself, while in it's liquid state, is now turning into gas in the form of steam, and once it does, it rises up onto the atmosphere reaching the Troposphere, and once it does, it condenses and forms a cloud, and this stage is now called "Condensation", which means that the water vapor itself, once it reaches the troposphere, will then condense into a cloud, and as the cloud collects more and more water vapor, the cloud becomes even larger, until it will then reach a point wherein the cloud can no longer handle the amount of water vapor present inside it, and the result is Rain, and at this stage is what is now called "Precipitation", which means that the water vapor itself, which is the one what makes up a cloud, condenses/transforms back into liquid, or transforms back onto it's liquid state or solution, and once it is now beginning to rain, the ground and soil will be bombarded with thousands of precipitating water that is now in it's liquid state, and as the rain itself ends, some of the water that is now on the surface will/or cannot be absorbed by the soil itself, and at this stage wherein the water itself that struck the ground and was not absorbed by the soil is called Run-Off/Runoff, and RunOff itself actually means that the water itself that precipitated and has now struck the ground was not absorbed by the soil that it is standing on, while at this stage, which differs from RunOff, is where water itself is now being absorbed by the soil, and is now being carried along the soil downwards until it then reaches the Capillary Fringe, and onto the Water Table, and after that, the water itself that went down towards the Capillary Fringe is now called "GroundWater".
Transpiration itself is the stage in the water cycle, wherein the water itself, after it has now struck the ground surface and has now Infiltrated onto the soil with a plant root nearby, the plant root itself will then absorb the small quantities of water from the soil, and the plant root itself only uses a small amount of all of the water it absorbed for Growth and Metabolism, and the remaining 99-99.5% of all of the remaining water is now lost by Transpiration.

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Evaporation mostly occurs in any type/kind of liquid if the temperature itself now reaches in or beyond the boiling point of that kind/type of liquid, like for example, the boiling point of water itself is over 100 degrees Celsius, and once the temperature itself reaches the boiling point of water which is over 100 degrees celsius, it will then begin to boil and evaporate into gas in the form of steam, and the cause of why it evaporates into steam is that heat itself gives molecules that is in any state of matter Kinetic Energy, and once those molecules have enough Kinetic Energy to move very rapidly, then that object will then turn into Liquid or onto Gas, depending on which or in what state of matter that object truly is before it changed into an another state of matter because the molecules that make the object have enough Kinetic Energy to move rapidly.

Condensation itself typically occurs in the Troposphere, which is the Layer of the Atmosphere where clouds themselves are present, and clouds themselves can form in the 2nd stage on the Water Cycle, and they're formed when a parcel of air rising expands and cools to the point where some of the water vapor molecules clump together much faster than they are torn apart from their thermal energy, and after that, a cloud is formed.
Precipitation itself, which is the 3rd stage in the Water Cycle that creates rain, it is mostly caused when the warmer air is cooled and the moisture in the cloud condenses into liquid, which then in turn creates rain.

Transpiration itself, which is the stage in the Water Cycle, it occurs chiefly at the leaves of a plant while their Stomata are open for passage of CO2 (Carbon Dioxide) and O2 (Oxygen) during Photosynthesis, but air that is not fully Saturated with water vapor (100% relative humidity) will dry the surfaces of cells with which it comes in contact.

Both Infiltration and Runoff can sometimes be the 4th stage in the water cycle, though they differ from meaning, but they are both part of the water cycle, and the difference between them both is that when you say Infiltration, it means that the water on the ground surface enters the soil, while Runoff itself actually means that the water on the ground surface, instead of being absorbed by the soil that it is standing on, it does not get absorbed nor enter the soil, and this is caused by the rate by which the soil absorbs rainwater.

Note: Transpiration itself is the 5th stage in the water cycle, and both Infiltration and Runoff can be in the 4th place in the water cycle.

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