# What are the strongest bonds in water?

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Meave60 Share
Sep 3, 2016

The intramolecular polar covalent bonds in the water molecule are the strongest bonds in each water molecule.

#### Explanation:

In the water molecule, $\text{H"_2"O}$, the oxygen atom and two hydrogen atoms share electrons in covalent bonds in order to achieve a filled valence shell $\left(8 {e}^{-} \text{for O" and "2"e^(-) "for H}\right)$.These bonds are polar covalent, which means that there is unequal sharing of the electrons. This is because the O atom has a greater negativity than the H atoms, so the O atom shares the electrons unequally, and the shared electrons are held more closely by the O atom. This means that the O end of the water molecule is partially negative $\left(\delta -\right)$, and the H atoms are partially positive $\left(\delta +\right)$.

These polar covalent bonds are intramolecular (meaning within the molecule) and are the strongest bonds in water.

The diagram below illustrates the polar covalent bonds between O and H.

The diagram below illustrates the polarity of the water molecule, and the unequal sharing of electrons by O.

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