What is the ground-state electron configuration of a neutral atom of chloride?

1 Answer

Answer:

#1s^2 2s^2 2p^6 3s^2 3p^5#

Explanation:

The ground state configuration of the neutral chlorine atom is #1s^2 2s^2 2p^6 3s^2 3p^5#

The ground state is the most stable energy state for the electrons of a given atom.

A neutral chlorine atom has 17 protons (atomic number 17) and 17 electrons.

The first two electrons are located in the #1s# orbital.

In the second energy level, two electrons are located in the #2s# orbital, and six electrons in the three #2p# sub-orbitals. (#p_x, p_y,p_z#).

The last 7 electrons, the outermost electrons with the highest energy levels, are located in the third energy level.

Two electrons are found in the #3s# orbital and the last five electrons in the #3p# sub-orbitals.

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