# What is the molecular shape of methane (CH_4)?

The tetrahedron derives from considerations of $\text{VSEPR}$, valence shell electron pair repulsion theory. There are 4 valence electrons on carbon, which form 4 bonds with the single valence electron of each hydrogen. Given four bonding orbitals around the central carbon, the tetrahedral shape the orbitals adopt is the geometry that minimizes interaction between the electron pairs.