What is the present participle and past participle of is, am, are? How do you change "Saina is exceptional." to present perfect?

1 Answer
Jun 24, 2018

The present participle of to be is "being." The past participle is "been."

In present perfect tense, the sentence becomes "Saina has been exceptional."


The present participle of a verb generally takes the ending "-ing." (For example, "having," "being," "giving," etc.) It's often combined with the verb to be to form the continuous or progressive tenses, which indicate ongoing action:

  • I am trying my hardest. (present progressive)
  • He will be going there tomorrow. (future progressive)
  • They were laughing for hours. (past progressive)

The past participle of a verb is often irregular, and can take the endings "-en", "-ed", "-n," and others. To be is an irregular verb, and has the past participle "been."

The past participle is often combined with the verb to have to form the perfect tenses, which indicate completed action:

  • I have tried my hardest. (present perfect)
  • He will have gone there tomorrow. (future perfect)
  • They had laughed for hours. (past perfect)

To change "Saina is exceptional" to present perfect tense, we use the present tense form of "to have" and the past participle of "is."

  • Saina has been exceptional.