What is the singular possessive case?
The singular possessive case is a singular noun or pronoun (a word for one person or thing) that indicates something belongs to that person or thing.
Possessive case nouns indicate ownership, possession, origin, or purpose.
Possessive case nouns use an apostrophe to form a possessive noun.
For a singular noun that does NOT end with an S add an apostrophe s ('s) to the end of the noun to form the possessive. Examples:
- Jane's hat is new.
- I put the note on the teacher's desk.
- I made this month's payment.
There are two accepted possessive forms for singular nouns that DO end with an S.
Add an apostrophe (') after the existing s at the end of the word.
- The meeting is in the boss' office.
- Jess' mother will pick us up.
Add an apostrophe s ('s) after the existing s at the end of the word.
- The meeting is in the boss's office.
- Jess's mother will pick us up.
For a plural noun that ends with an S, add an apostrophe (') after the ending s (s'). Examples:
- The hangers' colors are used to indicate garment size.
- We stopped to admire the Jacksons' garden .
- The doctors' offices are in a separate building.
For plural nouns that do NOT end with an S, add an apostrophe s ('s) to the end of the word (the same as a singular noun that doesn't end with an S). Examples:
- They installed new equipment at the children's playground.
- You'll find men's shoes on the second floor.
There are two types of pronouns that indicate possession, the possessive pronouns and the possessive adjectives.
- A possessive pronoun takes the place of the noun that belongs to someone or something.
They are: mine, yours, his, hers, its, ours, theirs.
- A possessive adjective is placed before a noun to describe that noun as belonging to someone or something.
They are: my, your, his, her, its, our, their.
Pronouns do NOT use an apostrophe to form a possessive.
Examples for possessive pronouns:
- George lives on this street. The house on the corner is his.
- The winning entry is yours .
- Mine is the car with the ticket on the windshield.
Examples for possessive adjectives:
- George lives on this street. His house is on the corner.
- Your entry is the winner.
- My car has the ticket on the windshield.