What is the smallest time t such that I = 4?

A generator produces an alternating current according to the equation I = 8 sin 124 #pi# t, where t is time in seconds and I is the current in amperes. What is the smallest time t such that I = 4?

1 Answer
Nov 30, 2016

Answer:

#t~~0.0013 seconds#

Explanation:

#4=8sin 124pi t#

#4/8 =sin 124 pi t#

#sin^-1 (1/2) =124 pi t#

#124 pi t = pi/6 + 2pin, or 124 pi t = (5pi)/6 + 2pin#

#t=(pi/6 + 2pin)/(124pi) or t =((5pi)/6 + 2pin)/(124 pi) #

#t=(pi/6 + 2pin) *1/(124pi) or t=((5pi)/6 + 2pin)*1/(124 pi)#

#t=1/744 +1/62 n or t=5/744 +1/62 n# where #n=0,+-1,+-2,+-3,...#

Since time is positive we are looking for the first positive answer. So pick n values and plug it to the two equations.

#n =0, t~~0.0013 or t~~.00672#

Note that if we pick n = -1 then we get two negative answers and if we pick n = 1 then we get 0.0175 and 0.02285 which are bigger than the values for n = 0 so the smallest time t when I = 4 is about 0.0013 sec.