Which compromise created a bicameral legislature?

1 Answer
Oct 3, 2017

The Connecticut Compromise


The large states wanted a bicameral legislature based on population. This was known as the Virginia plan proposed by Madison of Virginia

The small states wanted a single legislature based solely on states. This was known as the New Jersey Plan.

The Iroquois confederation had previously solved the problem faced by the fledgling nation. The five tribes of the Iroquois confederation had been at war with each other. To forge a nation the tribes set up a dual legislation.

Each tribe had two representatives in the council of chiefs. The location of the council fire ( the capital) was placed in the center tribe which was one of the smallest tribes. There was a second council that was based on the number of long houses. Each long house could elect one representative ( voted on by the women of the long house). the larger tribes the Seneca and the Mohawks had more long houses and therefore more representatives in the second council.

Roger Sherman brought the idea to Constitutional Convection and it was accepted after vigorous debate and modifications. The Connecticut Plan also known as the Great Compromise helped to forge together the diverse colonies into one nation.