Which element is oxidized in this reaction? 2CuO+C→2Cu+CO2 Which element is reduced in this reaction? 16H++2Cr2O72−+C2H5OH→4Cr3++11H2O+2CO2

1 Answer
Jun 11, 2017

Answer:

The element oxidized is the one whose oxidation number INCREASES......

Explanation:

And thus......

#stackrel(+II)" 2CuO" +Crarr2stackrel(0)Cu+CO_2uarr#

And here while copper (as #Cu^(2+)#) is reduced, carbon is oxidized, #stackrel(0)Crarrstackrel(+IV)C#.

The second reaction represents the reduction #Cr(VI+)# to #Cr(III+)#

#Cr_2O_7^(2-)+14H^+ +6e^(-) rarr 2Cr^(3+)+7H_2O# #(ii)#

And the oxidation of ethanol to carbon dioxide:

#H_3C-CH_2OH +H_2O rarr2CO_2+8H^(+) + 8e^(-)# #(iii)#

i.e. #H_3stackrel(-III)C-stackrel(-I)CH_2OHrarr2stackrel(+IV)CO_2#

We takes #4xx(ii)+3xx(iii)# to eliminate the electrons.....

#3H_3"CC"H_2OH +3H_2O +4Cr_2O_7^(2-)+56H^+ +24e^(-)rarr8Cr^(3+) + 28H_2O + 6CO_2+24H^(+) + 24e^(-)#

To give finally............

#3H_3"CC"H_2OH +4Cr_2O_7^(2-)+32H^+ rarr8Cr^(3+) + 25H_2O + 6CO_2#

#"Dichromate ion"# is reduced to #"chromic ion"#.........