Who were the Roundheads in the Civil War?

1 Answer
May 21, 2016

They were the supporters of Parliament during the English Civil War opposing Charles 1.


The term can be used generally or more specifically to describe the troops which fought in the Parliamentary Army under Oliver Cromwell against the Royalist forces of Charles 1. The phrase comes from the habit of many Protestants or Puritans cutting their hair short in contrast to the long hair fashion of the time.

The Roundheads eventually won the war. Charles 1 was deposed and executed in 1649. A Commonwealth was declared by Cromwell which lasted until the restoration of the monarchy by Charles 2.