Why is bacterial transformation important?
Transformation is one of the many ways of today to create recombinant DNA , in which genes from two different sources are combined together and placed into the same molecule or organism.
Scientists have been able to artificially stimulate the bacteria to uptake certain chosen genes and then incorporate them into their genome. These transgenic bacteria, can express the foreign genes by the production of proteins and mass produce them. This is possible due to their ability to speedily and exactly clone themselves.
Some types of transgenic bacteria , fungi and other microbes are utilised to decompose many forms of garbage and to break down petroleum products.