What is a node when it comes to electron density, waves, and wave functions?

1 Answer
Aug 25, 2016

A node is a region of zero electron density. That means you cannot find electrons at a node.

Visually, on a wave, it would be the point on the wave where the concavity changes. In other words, it is the zero-crossing.


Formally, it is when the wave function is #0#, i.e.:

#psi_("atomic orbital") = 0#

except at zero distance away from the nucleus.