Question #cc86e

2 Answers
Mar 24, 2017


Emf tells us about the potential difference between the two terminals of a battery or some other source.

However, potential difference stands for a much broader meaning.

There can be a potential difference between any two points in an electric field.

Emf is a kind of potential difference. The word EMF is used only for batteries or voltage sources in circuits.


Consider an electric field in free space.

If potential at point A be #V_A# and that at B be #V_B#, the difference in potential is #V_B - V_A#.

That has got nothing to do with batteries or energy sources in circuits.

In the case of circuits there can be a difference in electric potential between any two points. But, emf is only the potential difference between terminals of the battery.

Aug 9, 2017

Emf is just the kind of non-electrical energy that have tendency to produce a electro-chemical reaction for the sepration of charges inside the battery.
But electric potential may or may not be the potential difference b/w the electric field of any charge.
So according to this view we can say both are the different quantities.