What volume of ammonia is produced by the reaction when #"19.5 L"# of hydrogen gas react at #93^@"C"# and #"48.7 kPa"# ?
The trick here is to realize that all the chemical species that take part in this reaction are kept under the same conditions for pressure and temperature.
This means that the mole ratios that exists between the chemical species that take part in the reaction will be equivalent to volume ratios.
The balanced chemical equation that describes this reaction looks like this
#"N"_ (2(g)) + color(blue)(3)"H"_ (2(g)) -> color(darkorange)(2)"NH"_ (3(g))#
Notice that for every
When the reaction takes place at constant temperature and pressure, you can say that for every
Assuming that nitrogen gas is in excess, you can say that the given volume of hydrogen gas will produce
#19.5 color(red)(cancel(color(black)("L H"_2))) * (color(darkorange)(2)color(white)(.)"moles NH"_3)/(color(blue)(3)color(red)(cancel(color(black)("L H"_2)))) = color(darkgreen)(ul(color(black)("13.0 L NH"_3)))#
The answer is rounded to three sig figs, the number of sig figs you have for the volume of hydrogen gas.
Keep in mind that this volume of ammonia is produced at a temperature of