A model train, with a mass of #1 kg#, is moving on a circular track with a radius of #3 m#. If the train's kinetic energy changes from #3 j# to #1 j#, by how much will the centripetal force applied by the tracks change by?

1 Answer
Dec 15, 2017

Answer:

The change in centripetal force is #=4/3N#

Explanation:

The centripetal force is

#F=(mv^2)/r#

The kinetic energy is

#KE=1/2mv^2#

The variation of kinetic energy is

#Delta KE=1/2mv^2-1/2m u^2#

#=1/2m(v^2-u^2)#

The mass is #m=1kg#

The radius of the track is #r=3m#

The variation of centripetal force is

#DeltaF=m/r(v^2-u^2)#

#DeltaF=2m/r1/2(v^2-u^2)#

#=(2)/r*1/2m(v^2-u^2)#

#=(2)/r*Delta KE#

#=2/3*(3-1)N#

#=4/3N#