A patient recovering from surgery is being given fluid intravenously. The fluid has a density of #1030# #kg##/##m^3# and #9.5 * 10^-4##m^3# of it flows into the patient every six hours. What is the mass flow rate in #kg##/##s#?

1 Answer
Jan 8, 2016

Answer:

The mass flow rate is #4.5 × 10^-5 color(white)(l)"kg/s"#

Explanation:

Let's calculate the mass flow first.

We can use the density as a conversion factor to convert the volume to mass.

#"Mass" = 9.5×10^(−4) color(red)(cancel(color(black)("m"^3))) × "1030 kg"/(1 color(red)(cancel(color(black)("m"^3)))) = "0.978 kg"#

Next, convert the time to seconds.

#6 color(red)(cancel(color(black)("h"))) × (60 color(red)(cancel(color(black)("min"))))/(1color(red)(cancel(color(black)("h")))) × "60 s"/(1color(red)(cancel(color(black)("min")))) = "21 600 s"#

Finally, we can calculate the mass flow rate.

#"Mass flow rate" = "kilograms"/"seconds" = "0.978 kg"/"21 600 s" = 4.5 × 10^-5 color(white)(l)"kg/s"#