A student accidentally poured 2 liters of 20% acid solution into a container having 10 liters of 15% acid solution. What is the concentration of the new solution?

1 Answer
Aug 24, 2015

Answer:

The concentration of the new solution is 15.83 %.

Explanation:

A 15 % concentration means

#15 % = "15 L acid"/"100 L solution"#

So the volume of acid in 10 L of solution is

#"Volume of acid" = 10 color(red)(cancel(color(black)("L soln"))) × "15 L acid"/(100 color(red)(cancel(color(black)("L soln")))) = "1.5 L acid"#

So you have #"1.5 L acid"/"10 L soln"#.

And in 2 L of 20 % acid,

#"Volume of acid" = 2 color(red)(cancel(color(black)("L soln"))) × "20 L acid"/(100 color(red)(cancel(color(black)("L soln")))) = "0.4 L acid"#

After mixing, the new solution contains 1.5 L + 0.4 L = 1.9 L of acid and has a total volume of 2 L + 10 L = 12 L.

Then

#1.9/12 = x/100#

#190=12x#

#x=190/12 = 95/6#

#x ≈ 15.83#

The new concentration is 15.83 %.