At 120.0°C, the pressure of a sample of nitrogen is 1.07 atm. What will the pressure be at 205°C, assuming constant volume?

1 Answer
Jan 16, 2016

Answer:

#"1.42 atm"#

Explanation:

The important thing to remember about a gas kept at constant volume is that its pressure and its temperature are directly proportional, assuming of course that the number of moles of gas are constant as well.

So, when volume and number of moles are kept constant, pressure and temperature have a direct relationship - this is known as Gay Lussac's Law.

http://ouitschem.weebly.com/gas-laws.html

Simply put, when temperature increases, pressure increases. Likewise, when temperature decreases, pressure decreases as well.

In your case, the temperature of the gas increases from #120.0^@"C"# to #205^@"C"#, so right from the start you can say that the pressure of the gas will increase as well.

Mathematically, Gay Lussac's Law is expressed like this

#color(blue)(P_1/T_1 = P_2/T_2)" "#, where

#P_1#, #T_1# - the pressure and temperature of the gas at an initial state
#P_2#, #T_2# - the pressure and temperature of the gas at a final state

Now, it is of the utmost importance that you do not forget to convert the temperature from degrees Celsius to Kelvin!

In fact, the temperature must be expressed in Kelvin regardless of which gas law you're using.

So, plug in your values and solve for #P_2#

#P_1/T_1 = P_2/T_2 implies P_2 = T_2/T_1 * P_1#

#P_2 = ( (273.15 + 205)color(red)(cancel(color(black)("K"))))/((273.15 + 120.0)color(red)(cancel(color(black)("K")))) * "1.07 atm" = "1.4238 atm"#

Rounded to three sig figs, the number of sig figs you have for the second temperature of the gas, the answer will be

#P_2 = color(green)("1.42 atm")#