How are bases named?

1 Answer
Jun 19, 2017

Answer:

The simple bases are named [name of the metal] + "hydroxide"

Explanation:

The bases we call alkali are noted for their #OH# group(s), which is called the hydroxide group, and will dissociate into the hydroxide ion #OH^-# if the alkali is soluable.

Examples
sodium hydroxide #NaOH# and calcium hydroxide #Ca(OH)_2#

Note :
A lot of other compounds are called bases on account of their behaviour towards acids. Ammonia #NH_3# is an example.