How are bases named?

Jun 19, 2017

The simple bases are named [name of the metal] + "hydroxide"

Explanation:

The bases we call alkali are noted for their $O H$ group(s), which is called the hydroxide group, and will dissociate into the hydroxide ion $O {H}^{-}$ if the alkali is soluable.

Examples
sodium hydroxide $N a O H$ and calcium hydroxide $C a {\left(O H\right)}_{2}$

Note :
A lot of other compounds are called bases on account of their behaviour towards acids. Ammonia $N {H}_{3}$ is an example.