# How do acids and bases react?

Jun 24, 2017

A strong acid and base effectively neutralize each other, hence neutralization reactions.

#### Explanation:

For instance,

$N a O H \left(a q\right) + H C l \left(a q\right) \to N a C l \left(a q\right) + {H}_{2} O \left(l\right)$

In more detail, the ions of each dissociate in a solution, and bond together to form new compounds: usually a water and a salt. By extension, only strong acids and bases completely dissociate and reliably complete such a reaction. Sodium hydroxide and hydrochloric acids are a strong base and acid, respectively.

$N {a}^{+} \left(a q\right) + \left(O {H}^{-}\right) \left(a q\right) + {H}^{+} \left(a q\right) + \left(C {l}^{-}\right) \left(a q\right) \to N {a}^{+} \left(a q\right) + \left(C {l}^{-}\right) \left(a q\right) + {H}_{2} O \left(l\right)$