# How does electron configuration affect magnetism?

Sep 26, 2015

Based on the electron configuration, we can determine, whether an element is paramagnetic or diamagnetic .

#### Explanation:

Based on the electron configuration, we can determine, whether an element is paramagnetic or diamagnetic .

If the element has at least one half-filled orbital, it is considered paramagnetic.
Example: $N : 1 {s}^{2} 2 {s}^{2} 2 {p}^{3}$ (3 orbitals half-filled).

If the element has no half-filled orbitals, it is considered diamagnetic:
Example: $B e : 1 {s}^{2} 2 {s}^{2}$ (subshell is filled).

When Nitrogen and Beryllium are exposed to a magnetic field, only Nitrogen would be attracted to the magnetic field.