How does electron configuration affect magnetism?

1 Answer
Sep 26, 2015

Answer:

Based on the electron configuration, we can determine, whether an element is paramagnetic or diamagnetic .

Explanation:

Based on the electron configuration, we can determine, whether an element is paramagnetic or diamagnetic .

If the element has at least one half-filled orbital, it is considered paramagnetic.
Example: #N: 1s^(2)2s^(2)2p^3# (3 orbitals half-filled).

If the element has no half-filled orbitals, it is considered diamagnetic:
Example: #Be: 1s^(2)2s^(2)# (subshell is filled).

When Nitrogen and Beryllium are exposed to a magnetic field, only Nitrogen would be attracted to the magnetic field.