How does electronegativity affect dipole moment?

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Apr 24, 2017

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See below.

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Dipoles are created when one element has a higher electronegativity (tendency to attract electrons) than another in a bond. The electronegativity difference has to be more than 0.3 for a dipole to be formed. Dipole moment is the overall dipole strength measure of the dipoles in a molecule, and the higher the electronegativity difference, the greater the dipole moment.

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