How many bonds can carbon make?
Carbon can form either 2 or 4 bonds.
The ground state electron configuration is
In this ground state Carbon has 2 unpaired p electrons which can form 2 bonds.
An example of this is CO carbon monoxide.
: C = O: This leaves Carbon with six electrons in its outer shell.
eight electrons is a more stable structure so CO is not a stable structure.
Carbon generally forms hybrid orbitals
An example of this is
O:C:O This leaves Carbon with eight electrons in its outer shell
Eight electrons is a more stable structure.
Carbon forms 2 and 4 bonds.