How would you identify which carbon atom is sp, sp2 or sp3?

1 Answer
Dec 24, 2015

Answer:

The hybridization is found from the electron-pairs arrangement around the carbon atom:

Explanation:

The hybridization is found from the electron-pairs arrangement around the carbon atom.

For example,

In #CH_4# the electron-pairs arrangement is Tetrahedral , therefore, the hybridization is #color(red)(sp^3)#.

In #H_2CO# the electron-pairs arrangement is Trigonal planar , therefore, the hybridization is #color(Blue)(sp^2)#.

In #CO_2# the electron-pairs arrangement is Linear , therefore, the hybridization is #color(green)(sp)#.