Orbital Hybridization

Add yours

Sorry, we don't have any videos for this topic yet.
Let teachers know you need one by requesting it

Log in so we can tell you when a lesson is added.

Key Questions

  • Orbital hybridization can determine how many bonds an atom can form and the shape of molecules.

    For example, using the Aufbau principle, Hund's rule and the Pauli exclusion principle we would write the following electron configuration for carbon

    #1s^2# #2s^2# #2p^2#
    This would create a Lewis structure with one side (of 4) of the carbon having a pair of electrons and two sides having a single electron

    Covelent bonds can form when there are unpaired electrons. So our initial electron configuation for carbon would allow us to predict that the carbon would form just two covalent bonds.

    The hybridization of carbon produces the following electron configuration
    #1s^2# #2s^1# #2p^3# (called #sp^3# hybridization)
    This would create a Lewis structure with a single electron on each of the four sides of carbon, allowing it to form four covalent bonds.

    This means that carbon atoms will be able to achieve the octet rule when they form four bonds.

  • See this article for a good answer to the question:
    http://socratic.org/questions/what-is-hybridization

  • This key question hasn't been answered yet. Answer question

Questions

  • Ernest Z. answered · 3 months ago
  • Ujjwal answered · 3 months ago
  • Alfredo T. answered · 4 months ago
  • Al E. answered · 5 months ago
  • Double-check the answer
    Denise Granger answered · 5 months ago
  • Doc048 answered · 7 months ago
  • Sandra G. answered · 9 months ago
  • Ernest Z. answered · 10 months ago
  • Doc048 answered · 10 months ago
  • Ernest Z. answered · 11 months ago
  • Doc048 answered · 1 year ago