Sharon has two solutions available in the lab, one solution with 6% alcohol and another with 11% alcohol. How much of each should she mix together to obtain 10 gallons of a solution that contains 7% alcohol?

1 Answer
Dec 5, 2017

Answer:

8 gallons at 6%
2 gallons at 11%

Explanation:

Let the solution measure of 6% concentration be #S_6#
Let the solution measure of 11% concentration be #S_11#

For concentrations we have:

#[S_6xx6/100]+[S_11xx11/100]=10xxxx7/100#

#(6S_6)/100+(11S_11)/100=7/10" "......................Equation(1)#

For volume we have:

#S_6+S_11=10#

Thus #S_6=10-S_11" ".......................Equation(2)#
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Use #Eqn(2)# to substitute for #S_6# in #Eqn(1)#

#color(green)( (6color(red) (S_6))/100+(11S_11)/100=7/10 color(white)("d")->color(white)("dd")(6(color(red) (10-S_11)))/100+(11S_11)/100=7/10 #

#color(white)("dddddddddddddddd")->color(white)("ddd")-(6S_11)/100color(white)("d")+(11S_11)/100 =7/10-6/10#

#color(white)("dddddddddddddddd")->color(white)("dddddddddddddd")(5S_11)/100=1/10#

#color(white)("dddddddddddddddd")->color(white)("dddddd")S_11=1/10xx100/5=2" gallons"#

From this #S_6=10-2=8" gallons"#