What are some examples of nucleic acids?
Nuclei acids are essential large biomolecules for all forms of life, and include DNA and RNA.
DNA contains all of the genetic information for a living organism carried as long strings of information called genes.
RNA are also responsible for all of the action in the nucleus that pertains to the genetic information. RNA carries the information along, is responsible for the growth of new proteins, and creating peptide bonds.
Nucleoleic acids can also be generated within the laboratory through the use of enzymes and by solid-phase chemical synthesis. This enables the generation of altered nucleic acids, that are not found in nature e.g. peptide nucleic acids.
Mutations can occur within the DNA and RNA structures that have devastating consequences for the living organisms that contain it. Some of these mutations to the nucleic acids have resulted in medical conditions such as heart diseases, certain kinds of cancer, cystic fibrosis, Down's syndrome, Alzheimer's disease, Tay-Sachs disease, and many more.
The basic component of biological nucleic acids is the nucleotide, each of which contains a pentose sugar, a phosphate group and a nucleo base.