What are the functional groups of carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids?

1 Answer
Sep 3, 2015


various groups list in explanation


  1. Carbohydrate---alcohol and (aldehyde or ketone)
  2. lipids--------------carboxylic acid with long hydrocarbon chains (usually above 16 C long)
  3. proteins----------amino acids (various R groups[check this question http://socratic.org/questions/justify-the-placement-of-the-different-amino-acids-in-their-respective-classes-a#164928 ]) which has amino and carboxylic acid group
  4. nucleic acid-----one phosphate group, one nitrogen containing base (pyrimidine or purine) and a sugar molecule, which in turn has alcohol and aldehyde/ketone group.